Additional content in the scope of the EMT practice
- Additional content in the scope of the EMT practice has added “EMT provider” to the definitions of “EMT practice.” It means all levels of emergency medical technician certification. New level titles of EMT, EMT1, and Paramedic were implemented to replace old titles. A new level of AEMT was added, which includes: medical acts, skills, and medications.
Assisting patients with self-medication
- The exam changes will require EMT personnel to demonstrate the skills necessary for assisting patients with self-medication, allowing EMT personal to provide the patients’ medication for them and/or help them in any way so that they can properly take the medication.
Automatic transport ventilator
- An automatic transport ventilator will now be used to help patients with their breathing on the way to the hospital. These ventilators will replace the handheld ventilators that were used in the past to keep patients breathing; EMT personnel will be trained on how to properly use these ventilators.
- Hemorrhage control will now be used as a way to prevent hypoglycemic shock when a patient is bleeding heavily. EMT personal will be trained and tested on the process of administering oxygen, properly placing the patient, and applying pressure to the wound.
- Humidified oxygen will be used if the patients requires it, but tanks must be kept dry otherwise and are to be changed every 24 hours. EMT personnel will be required to know when a patient needs this type of oxygen and how to properly change the tanks.
Mechanical CPR device
- A mechanical CPR device will allow EMTs to assist the patients’ medical needs in other ways while the machine is working to perform the proper method of CPR on the patient. All EMT personnel must have the skills necessary to properly work the mechanical CPR devices.
- If needed, aspirin can also be administered orally rather than through an IV. The method depends on the needs of the patient and the combination of medications needed at that time. EMT personnel will know which type of aspirin should be used and will be able to properly administer the medication.
- Pulse oximetry is a non-evasive method that allows monitoring of oxidization of a patient’s hemoglobin. This is done by placing a sensor on a thin area of the body such as the ear lobe. Light from two different wave lengths that pass through the sensor allow for monitoring. All EMT personnel will know how to set up and monitor a pulse oximetry.
- A partial rebreather will be used in order to prevent humidity from sticking in the mask and to make it easier to flush out all inhaled CO2. Allowing both sides to be open with a partial rebreather will make it more effective. EMT personnel are required to be familiar with using a rebreather and know how to properly flush out the inhaled CO2.
- A Venturi mask will be used to deliver oxygen to patients who require a high flow of oxygen. This type of mask is able to provide inspiratory flow, allowing more oxygen to get to the patient. EMT personnel will know when this type of mask must be used for a patient and how to properly use the Vanturi mark.
- A Tracheostomy mask will be used to deliver oxygen and humidity to Tracheostomy patients. It is used around the neck and over the trach tube. All EMT personnel must be familiar with the tracheostomy mask and must also know how to properly attach the mask to the trach tube.